Dating republique francaise
West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages, following its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337–1453).During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world.France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940.Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War.Around 390 BC the Gallic chieftain Brennus and his troops made their way to Italy through the Alps, defeated the Romans in the Battle of the Allia, and besieged and ransomed Rome.According to Plutarch and the writings of scholar Brendan Woods, the Gallic Wars resulted in 800 conquered cities, 300 subdued tribes, one million men sold into slavery, and another three million dead in battle.The borders of modern France are roughly the same as those of ancient Gaul, which was inhabited by Celtic Gauls.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, Middle Francia and West Francia.
Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people.
There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank.
Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, from approximately 7,000 BC, this part of Western Europe entered the Neolithic era and its inhabitants became sedentary.
The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean.